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パラリーガル / リーガルスタントについて

各国の特許制度には審査段階と審判段階がある。「審査での判断を再度審判で審理する」という思想は世界共通である。しかしながら、実際の運用面では、特に、審査で最終拒絶された場合に、審判が果たす役割が微妙に相違している点に留意を要する。

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分割出願戦略

日本には米国、韓国におけるような最終拒絶に対するRCE制度はない。また、米国における継続出願制度もない。従って、拒絶通知を受けた際には、意見書(及び補正書)を提出して、反論する必要がある

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PCT International Survey System (1). Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) (2). The History of Patent Harmonization (3)

The Patent Cooperation Treaty’s “International Search System” is referred to as “IS”: PCT Article 15. Regarding International Search, various issues have been raised at WIPO’s PCT-related meetings, and I have faced several problems relating to IS personally. Before considering this issues, it is necessary to first consider “search in patent examination in general”. We must […]

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Understanding the Value of Paralegals and Legal Assistants

In most law firms and patent firms in every country, there are not only lawyers and patent attorneys, but also many non-certified people assisting them. These paralegals or legal assistants are essential to IP practice success. As a matter of course, it is impossible for a patent attorney alone to run the cases and operate […]

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Understanding Japan’s Unique Divisional Application System

The JPO (Japanese Patent Office) does not have an RCE (Request For Continued Examination) system as the means against a final such as exists at the USPTO and KIPO South Korea PTO. In fact, there is no Continuing Application system at the JPO like in the US. Therefore, when a decision of refusal issued, it […]

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Patent Appeals In Japan: The Unique Relationship With Examination in the Japanese Patent System

Each country’s patent system has an examination stage and an appeal stage. Patent appeals in Japan, however can play a vital role in strategy. The idea that the decision in an examination will be reconsidered in the appeal is common throughout the world. However, in terms of the actual process, specifically the Examination / Appeal […]

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Be Aware of the Utility Model System in Japan

In Japan, there is a Utility Model registration system in addition to the Patent system. The utility model registration system is a system that protects “small inventions.” The countries where the utility model registration system exists are limited, such as Japan, China, South Korea, Germany, Russia, Spain, and Australia. The system utilization rate is not […]

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リソース

日本特許制度における審査と審判の関係

各国の特許制度には審査段階と審判段階がある。「審査での判断を再度審判で審理する」という思想は世界共通である。しかしながら、実際の運用面では、特に、審査で最終拒絶された場合に、審判が果たす役割が微妙に相違している点に留意を要する。

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リソース

日本における実用新案制度

日本には「特許制度」の他に「実用新案登録制度」がある。実用新案登録制度とは、一言で言うと、「小発明」を保護する制度である。

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リソース

特許ハーモナイゼーションの歴史・3

知的財産の国際的保護を目的とする「パリ条約」ではカバーしきれない外国特許出願人の出願人の負担軽減を主旨として1970年にPCT条約が成立した。

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Understanding the History of Patent Harmonization ・ Part 3

The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) 1) The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) was enacted in 1970 with the aim of reducing the burden on “foreign” patent applicants, who cannot be covered by the “Paris Convention,” which aims to protect intellectual property internationally. This treaty has been discussed by representatives of each country since the time of […]

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COVID Vaccines and Patents. Should Patent Rights Be Waived?

According to news dated May 5, the US Government (USTR – The Office of the United States Trade Representative) has issued a statement that “We support the temporary waiver of patents on vaccines to increase the international supply of COVID-19 vaccines.” In response, the WHO praised the US decision, but the EU opposes the waiver […]

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コロナワクチン供給と特許

5月5日付けのニュースによれば、米国政府(USTR-The Office of the United States Trade Representative)が「COVID-19のワクチンの国際的供給を増やすためにワクチンに関する特許権の一時的放棄を支持する」旨の声明を出した。これに対し、WHOは米国決定を称賛したが、EUは特許権放棄に反対している。

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Understanding The History of “Patent Harmonization”: Part 2 (Paris Convention)

Historically, the sprouting of “Patent Harmonization” started from the Paris Convention. This treaty was enacted in the early 20th century, and since then it has been a historic treaty having undergone many revision conferences. It still forms the basis of the international protection of intellectual property, and therefore the Paris Convention is a vitally important treaty.  […]

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特許ハーモナイゼーションについての話題・2 (パリ条約:Paris Convention)

歴史的に見て、「特許ハーモ」の萌芽は「パリ条約」である。この条約は20世紀初頭に成立し、その後、改正会議を何度も重ねて現在の姿に至っている歴史的な条約であり、現在もなお知財の国際的げ保護の基礎を形成している偉大な条約である。

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Understanding The History Of “Patent Harmonization”: Part 1

Not only the patent systems, but also the intellectual property systems, and more specifically, the legal systems, differ from country to country. This is natural from the viewpoint of “territorial sovereignty” and “territorial principle”. Therefore, according to the “territorial principle”, if an inventor wants to obtain a patent in a foreign country, it is necessary […]

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「特許ハーモナイゼーション」についての話題・1

特許制度のみならず、知的財産制度、もっと言えば法制度は各国ごとに異なる。これ「領土主権」、「属地主義」の観点からは当然のことである。従って、「属地主義」に従えば、ある発明者が外国で特許を取得したいと考えた場合には、その国の法律に従ってその国の特許庁に権利化の手続を行うことが必要となる。

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What Is WIPO And What You Should Know About It?

What You Should Know About WIPO. WIPO is an abbreviation for “World Intellectual Property Organization” and was established in 1970.  It became a specialized agency of the United Nations, such as WHO, WHO, etc, in 1974 and Japan joined in 1975. WIPO is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, and has a variety of missions, but in […]

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WIPOとは

WIPOとは「世界知的所有権機関」の略称であり、WHO、WTO等と共に、国連の専門機関であり1970年に成立、1974年に国連の専門機関となっている。日本は1975年にWIPOに加盟している。

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Understanding The Differences Between The Trilateral Patent Offices In Determining Inventive Step

In the U.S., U.S. Patent Law 103 “stipulates the non-easiness of the invention” as the “Unobviousness”. The European Patent Office (EPO) stipulates it under EPC article 56 as “inventive step”. In Japan, Japanese Patent Law stipulates it in the same way as the EPO under Section 2 of Article 29 of the Patents Law as “inventive step”. […]